Guide to Creating Mental Health Treatment Plans
Many behavioral health professionals — such as psychologists, counselors, therapists, social workers, and psychiatrists — use treatment plans to help patients meet their goals and improve their mental health. These plans help professionals like you stay organized and keep a record of patient progress throughout their care. With a treatment plan, behavioral health counselors can create comprehensive care designed to meet each patient's specific needs.
In addition, these plans make it easier for therapists to monitor a patient's growth and healing between each session to determine if they need to make adjustments. While creating a treatment plan isn't a requirement for all mental health professionals, it leads to more effective care and benefits both the provider and the patient.
In this guide, we'll discuss everything you need to know about treatment plans and how they can transform your normal treatment procedures.
What is a Mental Health Treatment Plan?
A mental health treatment plan is a document that contains specific details relating to an individual patient and their treatment. Treatment plans are an effective tool for improving patient engagement in their treatment because they outline their current struggles and how they will overcome them with a therapist's help. While all treatment plans vary depending on a patient's needs, they typically follow the same general format, which includes:
- Their personal, demographic, and insurance information.
- Their psychological history, if necessary.
- Their current mental health diagnosis or condition.
- A timeline to monitor their progress.
- High-priority goals to achieve during treatment.
- Clear and measurable objectives that are relevant to their goals
What is the Purpose of a Treatment Plan?
The purpose of a mental health treatment plan is to help a patient achieve their goals by relieving the symptoms and helping them overcome the challenges they're experiencing in their initial treatment session. Treatment plans also help behavioral health professionals, like counselors, monitor a patient's progress and determine if treatment adjustments are necessary.
Without a treatment plan, it may be difficult for a patient to visualize the path they need to take to reduce their negative thinking patterns or improve their habitual behaviors. Lacking this structure can make it more difficult for patients to set and accomplish their therapy goals. Goal-setting is one of the most essential components of a treatment plan that contributes to the effectiveness of a mental health intervention. Setting goals in a treatment plan helps patients:
- Feel motivated
- Focus their efforts
- Boost their self-esteem
- Engage with their treatment
- Feel a sense of accomplishment
- Concentrate on their priorities
- Avoid distraction
Treatment plans also help therapists and behavioral health staff with documentation. Treatment plans contain essential information about a patient's progress in a clear and organized format with details such as dates, names and measurable goals. With this information readily available, writing a progress note becomes an easier part of the job.
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The Goals and Objectives of Mental Health Treatment Plans
Using a treatment plan is an effective way for therapists to engage patients in their treatment and allow them to work together to create goals and objectives that align with their shared vision. Treatment plan goals can include general purposes and intentions the patient wishes to accomplish.
Examples of Goals to Include
Goals tend to be broad statements that the patient would like to achieve by the end of their treatment. Some examples of therapy goals include things like:
- Coping with negative feelings without relying on substance use.
- Building communication skills to interact with others in a positive way.
- Learning how to express emotions, such as anger, toward loved ones in a healthy way
Examples of Objectives to Include
Think of an objective as a rung on a ladder that gets the patient closer to their goals. Objectives tend to be smaller, specific tasks or skills a patient must accomplish to reach their larger treatment goals. These tasks should be clear and measurable and provide the patient with a direction toward their goals. Examples of objectives include:
- Going to substance abuse meetings to help a patient struggling with alcoholism stay sober.
- Taking antidepressant medication to ease depression symptoms in addition to therapy.
- Keeping a daily log or journal to help patients learn how to communicate more effectively.
Simply said, an objective is a specific way to reach a goal.
Common Goals Set in Mental Health Treatment
Every patient has different needs, therefore, their goals and objectives in therapy will vary. If your patient is committed to change but doesn't know where to start, they can set a few goals they want to achieve throughout their therapy treatment. Some examples of broad common goals in mental health treatment include:
- Quit using substances
- Manage symptoms of depression
- Relieve stress
- Learn how to cope with trauma
- Engage in healthier habits
- Reduce suicidal thoughts
- Confront their fears
- Reduce or manage anxiety attacks
- Make more friends
- Learn how to better communicate with their loved ones
Once these goals are set, you and your patient can work on specific actions — or objectives — that can back up these overarching goals.
For instance, if a patient has extreme anxiety when leaving the house, they could set a goal of walking 30 steps outside their front door. Eventually, they can work up to going to the grocery store or practicing daily walks around the neighborhood. If your patient has a difficult time interacting with others in a social setting, they may set a goal of talking to one new person each week or joining a club to practice conversing with others on a regular basis.
How to Write a Plan of Care Mental Health Treatment Plan
Goal-setting is only part of the treatment plan process.
You'll need to gather information and conduct a mental health assessment before creating a treatment plan. You'll also need to identify and discuss possible goals with your patient.
After an assessment and discussion, you'll be ready to create a treatment plan which both you and your client will need to sign.
Treatment planning is an ongoing process. You'll review and revise the treatment plan as needed and nothing is written in stone.
A mental health treatment plan template will help you stay organized, but the information it holds is unique to the client and open to changes.
1. Treatment Plan Template
Treatment plans are designed to be simple but particular to each individual and their needs. While every treatment plan will vary slightly depending on the patient's reason for seeking mental health treatment, a treatment plan template or document will generally contain the same categories, which include:
- Patient information: The first thing counselors should include in any treatment plan or document is any required patient information, such as their name, demographic details, insurance details and other relevant information.
- Diagnostic summary: After general patient information, the therapist should include details about the patient's current diagnosis.
- Problems and goals: The treatment plan should also include measurable objectives, issues and goals that allow both the counselor and patient to track progress. Each of these categories should include a time frame or deadline for completion. Aim for at least three or four goals.
- Signatures: In the final part of the treatment plan, the provider and patient will need to sign and date the document. Having the patient sign the form shows that they're aware of their treatment timeline and goals and that they participated in and agreed with the content.
2. Mental Health Treatment Plan Checklist
To ensure you don't miss any crucial details, use this checklist as a helpful reminder:
- Issues: Do the issues reflect the six problem domains which are medical status, employment, substance abuse, legal status, family or social status and psychiatric status? Are issues written in behavioral terms and in a non-judgmental manner? Are they prioritized?
- Goals: Do the goals address the listed issues? Are they attainable during treatment? Does the patient understand the goals as written? Does the client seem ready to change and accomplish the goals?
- Objectives: Do the objectives address the goals? Are the objectives measurable and specific? Can the client take the time or steps necessary to complete objectives? Is there a time frame for the objectives? Are they realistic for the patient's current situation? Does the client understand what is expected of them?
- Interventions: What will the counselor do to help the patient achieve their goals? Is the patient ready to engage in the necessary steps toward their goals? Are they willing to accept and participate in the interventions and treatment options?
- General: Is the treatment plan customized to suit the patient based on their unique skills, goals, lifestyle, educational background, culture and socioeconomic status? Are their strengths incorporated into the treatment plan? Has the patient participated in developing the plan? Does the plan contain the date and the patient's and counselor's signatures?
Mental Health Treatment Plan Tips
There are no set rules for developing a treatment plan for your patient because every plan is unique.
However, we'll look at a few tips to help you through the goal-setting and planning process.
1. Measure Success
To evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment plan, you need to keep a score of how the patient is doing. You can monitor their progress more effectively by asking them to keep track of their thoughts, feelings and behaviors in a journal or document.
2. Set SMART Goals
Your patients may become overwhelmed if you set goals and objectives that are too challenging or far outside their comfort zone. For treatment to be effective, yet motivating, for your patients, work with them to set goals they can actually reach. To do this, try using SMART goals as a template for creating clear, realistic goals that guide them toward their intended accomplishments. SMART stands for the following:
- Specific: Goals are clear and explicit. Patients who have specific goals will be able to more effectively complete them compared to goals that are too general or vague.
- Measurable: Goals that have specific dates, times or amounts are easier to track and monitor. For instance, having a patient complete an assigned task within two weeks or reducing the number of times they use substances within a month.
- Attainable: Patients should be able to realistically meet their goals. If their goals are too difficult or unreasonable from the start, they will likely feel discouraged and defeated.
- Relevant: Goals and objectives should relate to the patient's individual needs outlined in the treatment plan. Consider what goals would help a patient reach their expected treatment outcomes and how they're relevant to their progress.
- Time-bound: Deadlines make it easier for patients to feel motivated. These can be short or long-term goals, as long as they have a specific end date. For instance, a counselor may ask a patient to choose and join a community event or club by the end of the month to help with their anxiety.
3. Set Goals That Motivate
Patients are more likely to complete objectives and work towards reaching a goal if the goal is personally important to them. If a goal does not add value or meaning to their life, they will not have the motivation to work through objectives.
Ask clients to discuss goals that have the most meaning to them. Make sure the goals are in order of importance so patients can focus on their priorities.
How a Mental Health Treatment Plan Complements Other Therapy Notes
Treatment plans not only help the patient but also serve the entire behavioral health team. These documents act as tools for promoting good communication between staff members and providing the documentation necessary for billing. As part of a patient's medical health records, treatment plans also help facilities comply with federal and state laws. Let's look at a few ways mental health treatment plans assist with recordkeeping.
1. Psychiatric Evaluation
A psychiatric evaluation involves using tools to measure and observe a client's behavior. By evaluating a client, a psychologist can determine a diagnosis and develop a treatment plan. A treatment plan for psychiatric evaluation helps organize this information in one neat document. The treatment plan also allows for quick reference of the initial evaluation when staff members or counselors need to revisit the evaluation in the future.
2. Progress Notes
Treatment plans and progress notes tend to go hand in hand because progress notes need to incorporate one or more treatment objectives. Progress notes are essential for communicating patient care and getting reimbursed for services. Therapists and counselors often see many patients per week, which can make it challenging to remember exactly where they left off with each patient as they begin a treatment session. Progress notes enable therapists to monitor where a patient is on the path to their goals and what objectives they still need to tackle. A treatment plan helps staff meet progress note requirements and keep track of how a patient is doing.
Progress notes typically include:
- The treatment plan
- Any changes in the client's condition
- Descriptions of a client's response to treatment
- The outcome of treatment
3. Discharge Summary
When patients are ready to leave a treatment program, a discharge summary is needed to document how the patient completed treatment and what their plan for continuing care is. A treatment plan can guide the writing process when it's time to produce an accurate, detailed mental health discharge plan. With a clear treatment plan, therapists and counselors can more easily describe all treatments provided for the patient, summarize their care and how the patient's condition has improved and explain why they agree with the discharge.
Because some patients undergo therapy and mental health treatment for months or years on end, a treatment plan acts as a visual timeline for therapists to review and see how the patient has progressed since their initial visit. Here are some examples of what a counselor might include in a discharge summary:
- The patient reports their suicidal feelings have been relieved
- The patient expressed a better understanding of how to cope with their depression
- The patient's mood shows no signs of depression or elevation
- The patient presents no signs of anxiety
- The patient reports feeling confident in their ability to communicate with others
- The patient's behavior is appropriate and shows no signs of delusions or hallucinations
Create a Mental Health Treatment Plan With ICANotes
Electronic health record (EHR) software allows medical professionals to store vital documents, such as treatment plans, evaluations and discharge summaries digitally in an organized, user-friendly format. ICANotes is EHR software designed specifically for the behavioral health field. With ICANotes, you can easily and quickly create unique treatment plans for your patients.
Proper documentation does not need to be a stressful, time-consuming part of the job. ICANotes Behavioral Health EHR offers benefits such as:
- Less time documenting
- Reduced billing issues
- Improved scheduling
- Convenient prescribing
- Powerful patient portal
- Secure telehealth
Whether it's time to get reimbursed or undergo an audit, you'll be ready to supply accurate, legible and detailed information upon request. That way you can keep your practice running smoothly and have plenty of time left over for your patients. To learn more about treatment planning and ICANotes behavioral health EHR software, watch a live demo or start your free trial today.
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